Taliban and US have reached a peace deal after nearly two decades of war in Afghanistan. The war aimed to bring stability and peace in the region through extermination of terrorists’ spawns and strengthening the democracy. How successful was this agenda, became vague over time and now has been undermined with the current truce between the two forces.
After intense wars and involvement of Afghan government there has been many efforts to reach a peace agreement which was finally achieved in Doha. This historic deal has been years in the making, as all sides kept seeking advantage on the battlefield. The agreement is born of America’s determination to bring troops home and a recognition, at least by some Taliban, that talks are the best route to return to Kabul.
The deal was signed by US special envoy Zalmay Khalilzad and Taliban political chief Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo as a witness.
The deal constituted that within the first 135 days of the deal the US will reduce its forces in Afghanistan to 8,600, with allies also drawing down their forces proportionately. The US and Nato allies have agreed to withdraw all troops within 14 months if the militants uphold the deal.
President Trump said it had been a “long and hard journey” in Afghanistan. “It’s time after all these years to bring our people back home,” he said.”I really believe the Taliban wants to do something to show we’re not all wasting time,” Mr. Trump added. “If bad things happen, we’ll go back with a force like no-one’s ever seen.”
Talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban are due to follow.
While talking to the reporters, Taliban delegation was positive to keep up the deal and will strengthen it further.
The move would allow US President Donald Trump to show that he has brought troops home ahead of the US presidential election in November.The US will also lift sanctions against the Taliban and work with the UN to lift its separate sanctions against the group
The deal also provides for a prisoner swap. Some 5,000 Taliban prisoners and 1,000 Afghan security force prisoners would be exchanged by 10 March, when talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government are due to start.
Afghan government which didn’t take part in the deal was not discussed in the deal, which is pushed again in jeopardy as it once in Geneva accords of 1988.
The peace agreement is under heavy skepticism over its longevity by analysts. Recent events like denial of afghan government over the release of prisons is already challenging the success of the agreement. Though Taliban have assured that their efforts would be directed towards the peace in the region and keeping up of their US peace agreement, Afghan govern is skeptic of peace maintenance whether the in the region, as Afghan president will start the negotiation with Taliban from 10th March.
Implications for Pakistan
The geographic location has constantly demanded Pakistan’s engagement in Afghanistan and regional politics. Afghanistan has been a region of proxy wars, with hostile neighbors; Pakistan has had a keen interest over the cloud shifts in Afghanistan. With this withdrawal of US and Nato forces, the question whether the peace deal would stay complied and regional peace maintained, Pakistan might become a key country helping the achievement of settlement between Afghan government and Taliban. Its only this peace that can make 18 year US and Nato war with Taliban in Afghanistan meaningful.