While the Trump administration adopted an indifferent and transactional approach to American foreign policy, Biden is more interested in resurrecting the internationalist approach to re-induct America in the world’s most important institutions and relationships and signal that America is ready to take the helm of world leadership.
Trump had made four promises in the election campaigns regarding the Middle East in 2016. These promises were to shift the Israel embassy to Jerusalem, scrap the deal with Iran, dismantle ISIS, and to make peace in the Middle East. He has a lot of successes and some unsuccessful efforts in the Middle East.
Under the guiding vision of 2030, KSA is radically changing in so many ways in a small matter of time that it confounds its advocates and detractors alike. This transformation from a socially conservative society to a modernizing one does have its own set of consequences. MBS leadership will matter significantly in how the Kingdom travel delicate balances among different actors in society without enraging anyone to the point of mass protest or group violence.
Until the 20th century, the Sunni-Shia division had existed on social tiers and particularly didn’t achieve political overtones. After World