The concept of self-determination emerged from Rosseau and John Locke’s political theories, which ultimately led to the French & American Revolution, respectively. On these grounds, the UN formulated and recognized the efforts of indigenous movements in gaining independence from 1960 onwards. The Kashmiri people, therefore, are simply advocating a globally agreed-upon cause in the face of military tyranny and human rights violations posed by India in their territory.
Macron’s strategy focuses on sowing further racial and religious hatred and increasing the polarization in society, inspiring more violent attacks and reprisals against Muslims who are burning an unequalled bear of the draconian legal measures of the French state which even Amnesty International is severely critical about. In his process of adopting far-right rhetoric as a political practice to win votes, President Macron is equally capable of compromising the real French values of secularism: liberty, fraternity, and equality.