Taking the example of a few, Zee News is owned by Subhash Chandra, who is a BJP MP, Network 18 is owned by Mukesh Ambani, a business tycoon who benefitted the most under Modi’s government, India TV is owned by Rajat Sharma, a former general secretary of ABVP and Republic TV was co-founded by Rajeev Chandrasekhar who is BJP MP.
Despite coordinated endeavors by traditional right-wing disseminators to criticize the protestors who are challenging the three farming laws by marking them Khalistanis, this point has discovered little prominence among the overall population. Then again, more individuals have turned out on the side of the farmers, putting aside the caste system and political associations.
While AIMIM still has a long way to go in establishing itself as a national political party representative of Indian Muslims, as well as all Indians, and becoming a bearer of Indian secularist principles, the progressive outreach of AIMIM to other Indian states is indicative of its ambitions to play a larger role in Indian national politics. The more the political fray move towards the right with BJP and INC both canvassing for more votes by appealing to hard and soft Hindutva concerns, the likelihood of an emergence of an all-India pan-Muslim political party, advocating the preservation of secular India, cannot be ruled.
In Assam, if the BJP wins again, it will mean that Narendra Modi and Amit Shah’s gambling of pushing through the Citizenship Act did not hurt them in a single state where they would otherwise have spelt the doom. This would also mean that the Modi-Shah duo mastered the art of not only acquiring new territories but also governing them in all aspects, setting their own stamp and gaining absolute power. Apart from the Citizenship Act, the BJP-led government’s political and administrative acts, such as the successful revocation of Article 370, the passage of triple talaq and farm sector legislation can contribute to the defeat of BJP and its allies in Assam.
Although the Indian constitution guarantees that the disparate set of tribes, ethnicities, and religions are part of the whole Indian nationalism, Indian sovereignty is challenged since the post-colonial establishment of the nation-state by the restive population. To confront these disparate set of security challenges to its territorial integrity and security of the state, the Indian government enacted various legislations which are presumably per the letter and spirit of the Indian constitution and international human rights accord to which India is a signatory, but in practice are more in the spirit of a draconian legislative armour of the state to fight the separatists’ challenges with a hardened approach.
The Parivar proclaims an ideology of “Hindutva”, aimed at ensuring Hinduism’s predominance in Indian society, politics, and culture, which it promotes through tactics that include violence and terror. The Sang Parivar got representation in the political domain through the Bharatiya Janata Party. The Bajrang Dal and the Vishnu Hindu Parishad (VHP-World Hindu Council) are the Sangh Parivar’s major organizations. The VHP served as the bridge between RSS and sympathetic religious leaders formed in 1964 to unite different Hindu Groups.
Since becoming CM of UP, Yogi had been exasperated over the former’s former appeasement of religious and caste minorities. He had enacted numerous programs that collectively can be termed as programs of advocating vigilantism in the state. From his support to love jihad, erasure of Muslim history in UP, and his support to the lynching of the people in the name of preservation of Cows and general atmosphere of fear, Yogi is setting a stage toward eventual re-establishing of India as a Hindu Rashtra.
New Delhi is no more hesitant to form a relationship with the Taliban, though they had been declaring them as a proxy of the establishment of Pakistan’s military. The manifestation of this relationship is contingent to multiple geographical factors, such as US elections, Pakistan – Taliban relations, Taliban’s relations with Al Qaeda and China’s elevating interest in Afghanistan.
The Supreme Court decision is certainly setting up a norm for such protests when stating that any future protests will now be liable to the Court’s statement and must not take place indefinitely in areas not designated by the state. For the religious minorities set to suffer under the Citizen’s Amendment Act, this sets a devastating precedent. Not only is their citizenship status in jeopardy but also their right to peacefully gather and protest the laws which threaten their continued presence in the country.
In late September, it has been reported that Amnesty International India (AI) is suspending its work in the country in the face of prevalent governmental in what they called “witch-hunting” to pressure AI into halting its work on highlighting gross human rights violations by the Indian state within India and in the internationally disputed territory of Kashmir.