Although the Indian constitution guarantees that the disparate set of tribes, ethnicities, and religions are part of the whole Indian nationalism, Indian sovereignty is challenged since the post-colonial establishment of the nation-state by the restive population. To confront these disparate set of security challenges to its territorial integrity and security of the state, the Indian government enacted various legislations which are presumably per the letter and spirit of the Indian constitution and international human rights accord to which India is a signatory, but in practice are more in the spirit of a draconian legislative armour of the state to fight the separatists’ challenges with a hardened approach.
The latest military agreements between India and the USA are being seen as a possible threat to the Chinese hegemony in the Indo-Pacific region. China is already losing support and cooperation from the countries which are in conflict with China over the South China Sea. Pompeo’s visit has given an even graver threat to China that China has a long way to go before it can dominate the regional politics.
Recently, the president of Azad Kashmir, Sardar Masood Khan, proposed a BDS movement to counter the Indian State oppression, which has been in effect before at similar Israeli oppression of the Palestinians. Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions was a movement first established in 2005. It was initially based on the principle that the Israeli oppression of Palestinians is unacceptable and that the 57 members of OIC should abide by this movement. The idea behind is the international recognition of the oppression being caused by a state on any other nation or a group of people. In this case, the movement demands the Muslim majority states to boycott the oppressive Indian state and grant the Kashmiris equal rights as for the rest of humanity. The reoccurrence of the BDS movement in Kashmir is due to its similarity with the Palestinian state.
Analysts doubt that China can be a strategic challenge for multinational cooperation in the region. But the question is that is QUAD really the best platform for handling the growing Chinese capacity. Two members of the QUAD are too unreliable to serve this purpose, which are Australia and Japan. This leaves QUAD with two certain members India and America; whose growing strategic partnership is a threat to China anyways. There is no need for a QUAD for this purpose.
The international financial watchdog has given Pakistan a grace period. It might be its last chance to prove its seriousness to implement FATF recommendations. It has to uplift its efforts to get clean of the terror financing charges against it. In other case, it would have to face some severe consequences. The previous efforts by Pakistan show its willingness and eagerness to escape the list. One should hope for the best. It has three months to accelerate its efforts. Hence, the actual test starts now.
According to Regional Security Complex Theory, securitization is more intense between the countries inside of the regional security complex, patterned to the security interdependence of the region, a security cluster. Great outside power can penetrate it. RSCT leads to positive security interdependence by making shared security community or negative, including securitization, which leads to conflict formation. The defense pacts and agreements will undoubtedly lead to negative security interdependence by considering the region’s states’ dynamics.
The Indian attack on Jammu and Kashmir on Wednesday, October 27, 1947, was the most horrific event in the history of Indian colonialism, which has left the region in a state of perpetual instability and violence. On this day in 1947, the leaders of so-called secular India rushed their troops to Srinagar at night, trampling under their hats the fundamental political and democratic rights of the Kashmiri people for which the Indigenous people themselves fought together, over the years, against the British rule.
India has been working hard to blacklist Pakistan in Financial Action Task Force, an international watchdog working against international money laundering and terror financing lately. However, turning a blind eye entirely in the involvement of 44 Indian banks and financial institutions in the terror financing activities and money laundering revealed by the Buzzfeed news report. Due to the cordiality of relations with the US, it was also ignored by the international community, being used as a balancer against China in the region. Indian officials have repeatedly accepted the fact that they finance terrorism to counter (alleged) terrorism.
The Parivar proclaims an ideology of “Hindutva”, aimed at ensuring Hinduism’s predominance in Indian society, politics, and culture, which it promotes through tactics that include violence and terror. The Sang Parivar got representation in the political domain through the Bharatiya Janata Party. The Bajrang Dal and the Vishnu Hindu Parishad (VHP-World Hindu Council) are the Sangh Parivar’s major organizations. The VHP served as the bridge between RSS and sympathetic religious leaders formed in 1964 to unite different Hindu Groups.
Since becoming CM of UP, Yogi had been exasperated over the former’s former appeasement of religious and caste minorities. He had enacted numerous programs that collectively can be termed as programs of advocating vigilantism in the state. From his support to love jihad, erasure of Muslim history in UP, and his support to the lynching of the people in the name of preservation of Cows and general atmosphere of fear, Yogi is setting a stage toward eventual re-establishing of India as a Hindu Rashtra.