Former vice president Joe Biden has been victorious in his election as the 46th US president, defeating his opponent, the former US President Donald Trump, in a heated electoral race. While the president-elect is yet to be officially sworn to office, a difficult presidency awaits him. Joe Biden’s precedent has left the country in an arduous corner in terms of both internal as well as foreign affairs.
As the United States electoral race comes to an end, the world holds its breath and focuses its attention on the 46th American president. The new Joe Biden administration not only inherits a pandemic ridden battered economy but also a repugnant foreign policy with the world’s second-largest economy. The multi-year assault that was launched under the Trump administration on Beijing completely changed the dynamics of bilateral relations between the United States and China. Now all eyes are on Biden contemplating the nature of the foreign policy that will take shape during his tenure.
The latest military agreements between India and the USA are being seen as a possible threat to the Chinese hegemony in the Indo-Pacific region. China is already losing support and cooperation from the countries which are in conflict with China over the South China Sea. Pompeo’s visit has given an even graver threat to China that China has a long way to go before it can dominate the regional politics.
Analysts doubt that China can be a strategic challenge for multinational cooperation in the region. But the question is that is QUAD really the best platform for handling the growing Chinese capacity. Two members of the QUAD are too unreliable to serve this purpose, which are Australia and Japan. This leaves QUAD with two certain members India and America; whose growing strategic partnership is a threat to China anyways. There is no need for a QUAD for this purpose.
According to Regional Security Complex Theory, securitization is more intense between the countries inside of the regional security complex, patterned to the security interdependence of the region, a security cluster. Great outside power can penetrate it. RSCT leads to positive security interdependence by making shared security community or negative, including securitization, which leads to conflict formation. The defense pacts and agreements will undoubtedly lead to negative security interdependence by considering the region’s states’ dynamics.
Situated at the heart of the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka is grappling with the world’s two superpowers: China and the US. The keen interest of the two countries has been a source of competition between them and a source of worry for Sri Lanka, which is struggling with its own economic woes. Sri Lanka was able to navigate the Cold War by taking a stance of neutrality and non-alignment. When a second economic Cold War is building up globally, it is attractive and convenient to adopt similar policies. However, this recent rivalry may be novel in nature, and Sri Lanka’s continued economic woes, mean that the country will be forced to choose between the two, the US or China.
Multiple measures by the UN, ICRC, and other international organizations have taken to mitigate the African crises. As China indubitably seems to be a potential power juxtapose to the western presence in the region, westerners have done very little to manage the crises. Beijing must take the lead, collaborate with domestic armed groups, encourage dialogue and conflict management mechanisms to the parties, at least propose them, as a mediator, to minimize the instability factors and encourage them to collective growth. Chinese economic diplomacy can be used to compel African policymakers to conflict resolution. Other conflicting parties must be taken on board to develop confidence-building, and some serious interest must be shown in African affairs.
Sharing one of the world’s longest land borders; with such close, historical and physical proximity, Bangladesh and India have long-established well-developed relationships that are now being tested. This shift in the relations comes alongside China’s successful economic diplomacy in gathering allies in South Asia, with Beijing and Dhaka currently developing strong bilateral ties.
Today, the world has entered an era of multipolarization or in other words, international relations have become very complex in recent years. onomic levels and the growing propensity for each state to pursue its own national interests. The recent conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia is a classic example to explain the convoluted nature of International Relations.
The success of CPEC lies in unity and clarity about the project. It is for this reason that the JCM is established. JCM brings clarity and transparency to CPEC but highlights loopholes in internal politics and Pakistan’s national unity. It is high time that Pakistan puts in the effort to get its house in order.