Iran gaining the status of a nuclear state is a major perceived threat to the U.S. and Middle Eastern countries. America’s ongoing diplomatic attempt, including the imposition of sanctions and termination of bilateral trades, is the only viable way that strengthens the West and its allies.
‘Nuclear nationalism” is an issue that has been a binding element among the Iranian nation. The way Iran has defeated the mechanical obstacles in growing such a program is a wellspring of Iranians’ pride. Breaching of its jurisdiction and the murder of its nuclear researcher is a loss of the country’s inalienable asset, as well as it elicits the nation’s patriotism and provokes them to embark on this mission more keenly.
Iran’s decision to start its nuclear activity program dates back to 1980 when they bore the trauma of the Iraq-Iran war. The losses and defeat they endured left them in shock. The wave of nuclear nationalism took its roots from this very event. America was well aware of Iraq’s mischief, yet it did nothing to maintain peace or impose any sanctions against Iraq at that time. The double standards of the West clearly showed that all peaceful deals and pacts are only limited to paperwork guided by their national interest. Trump’s withdrawal from the JCPOA somehow made it crystal clear in the face of Iranians. The Islamic Republic of Iran has caught between a rock and a hard place. Earlier this year, the killing of Qasem Suleimani and the assassination of Fakhrizadeh has put the last nail in the coffin. The risk posed is not to Iran’s nuclear program but diplomacy. Revived American sanctions, including the attempt to block access to the international financial sector for any business working in Iran, have succeeded in suffocating Iran’s economy by scaring off much-needed foreign trade and investment.
But Tehran’s urgency has driven it into China’s embrace, which has the technology and hunger for oil that Iran needs. Iran is one of the major oil producers in the world. Tehran is the revenue supplier, which has declined since the Trump administration started sanctions in 2018. China is the world’s largest importer, importing nearly 75% of its oil from overseas and more than 10 million barrels a day last year.
In a time of recession and coronavirus in America and globally, Beijing experienced American weakness. The draft deal with Iran illustrates that China is constructive, as opposed to other countries. The U.S will continue to charge Chinese companies that support Iran. Chinese investment in Iran could spur further punitive measures against Chinese companies.
In 2015, China launched the first military base in Djibouti, reportedly, in order to support its multinational anti-piracy force off the coast of Somalia. China has also accomplished increased military cooperation with Iran. China has shown all support and proved to be the strongest ally of Iran in gaining its leadership back. With China’s help, Iran is slowly gaining its former status back and strengthening ties with other countries in terms of trade.
Now few things will become complicated for President-elect Joe Biden. He would feel reluctant to ignore, making his proposals for a return to the nuclear agreement. Iran has promised to respond. While he knows the powers at play and is central underlying to calibrate his acts, the weakness has been illustrated in the coming months after the U.S killed Iran’s most powerful general, Qassem Suleimani. The assassination of Iran’s powerful general has marked a major escalation in tensions. Mr. Trump portrayed a message that the U.S. is both untrustworthy and inefficient and that any compromise is likely to be temporary and rely on the President’s discretion. Mr. Biden would be seen as a more predictable player. Four years could not be enough time to cope with four decades of flashpoints between Washington and Tehran.
Now the question arises whether the Biden administration re-enters in the deal with Iran? What sanctions would the United States lift, and which should remain? How much is Iran going to undo? At the end of the day, both parties seek control of the other. In his election campaign, Biden declared that they would renew the deal with more compliances and counterbalances. The administration of Biden will not have much time to make initial progress. For Biden, it’s not just a matter of resuming the nuclear deal. Trump dramatically increased sanctions, Iran engaged in several violations of the nuclear agreement that expanded its production of an arsenal of uranium enrichment, the material used by both peaceful nuclear energy and the world’s deadliest weapon. The U.S. re-entering the agreement and lifting sanctions on Iran might lead to the encouragement of uranium enrichment activities for energy production purposes and also other political elites to concentrate their energies constructively on the spiraling situation of the COVID-19.