From the first day of its inception, 14 August 1947, Pakistan has been struggling to seek the nation’s security against his neighboring country India, which has created a geopolitical vulnerability for Pakistan, gradually on two fronts, the other in Afghanistan. It has first started from the combat on Kashmir territory in 1948. From then on, India has begun threatening to Pakistan’s survival, continuously endeavoring to destabilize, posing it strategic and diplomatic threats. India has been working hard to blacklist Pakistan in Financial Action Task Force, an international watchdog working against international money laundering and terror financing lately.
India has accused Pakistan of terror financing in his territories. It had lobbied hard internationally to push Pakistan under the blacklist of FATF. However, turning a blind eye entirely in the involvement of 44 Indian banks and financial institutions in the terror financing activities and money laundering revealed by the Buzzfeed news report. Due to the cordiality of relations with the US, it was also ignored by the international community, being used as a balancer against China in the region. Indian officials have repeatedly accepted the fact that they finance terrorism to counter (alleged) terrorism. The statement was pointed to Pakistan by a late defense minister of India.
Moreover, the Indian intelligence agency’s chief spy assigned to implement Pakistan’s Indian policy, Kalbushan Jhadev, who was arrested from Balochistan, has admitted his involvement in activities against Pakistan, spreading terror, attacks on state officials and personnel, threatening the internal security of Pakistan and its territorial integrity.
Pakistan is perceived as a significant challenge to India in its way to regional dominance in South Asia. Containing Pakistan at first, isolating it diplomatically, putting economic and military pressures, defaming its nuclear capabilities as in unsafe hands by propaganda, accusing it terror financier to jeopardize its international politics, and preventing it from establishing strong diplomatic foots in international arena, being the central tenets of Indian foreign policy towards Pakistan, for which India is determined to achieve, especially in the Modi government.
Narendra Modi has clearly said to isolate Pakistan diplomatically so that India can seek economic coercion to make Pakistan vulnerable strategically and finally eliminate the threat from its borders to eventually utilise its full potential to enhance its influence and counterbalance China. Moreover, India has worked hard to project Pakistan as a terrorist state, accusing it of supporting the groups involved in several attacks on Indian citizens and being accused of the recent attack on Pulwama. According to Delhi, isolation in the international community is the punishment for Pakistan and is the key foreign policy goal; however, it was proved historically that Pakistan’s geostrategic location has made it hard for Delhi to isolate it. India has been isolated by the International Olympics Committee instead, which has suspended talks with India on the visa issue of the Pakistani shooting team.
With the tectonic shift in the balance of power and changing of the geo-economic pivot from West to Asia, India is also afraid of being encircled by China as per the theory of String of Pearls. China has made huge investments into Pakistan as well, as per its plan to dominate the global trade, named CPEC in Pakistani port Gawadar, which has brought the world closer to Islamabad as its geographical prominence has increased once again, attracting investments from all over the globe including billions of dollars investments from Russia. India is keen to destabilize Pakistan’s security and fuelling instability to make it less safe for any foreign investment, which, as India fears, will boost Pakistan’s economy, strengthening ties with the international community. In the long term, this would make it even more challenging for India to contain Pakistan, which has never been contained.
Several times, Pakistan has denied the aforementioned terrorist financing, and supporting accusations demanded proof from Delhi, but India never provided any. The ultra-nationalist policies, ideological superiority of Modi, and spreading hatred against Pakistan are what keeps and sustain his rule and power vis-a-vis public and military support. Modi has always taken its steps back to normalize its relations with Pakistan. Still, Pakistan has shown good gestures several times to initiate the normalization of tensions and start communications, but India never responded. Pakistan is and was always willing to negotiate on a wide range of matters, from security, economy, societal communication to territorial issues. Pakistan has even released the Indian pilot Abhinandan as showing a gesture of good faith that was praised internationally. Still, India remained arrogant and soaked into its deep superiority complex.
For regional balance, security, and mutual coexistence as two nuclear-weapon states, they both must work things out with careful diplomacy. India must stop its dirty politics of suppressing Muslim minorities, anti-Islamic propaganda, and inauthentic rhetoric against Pakistan of supporting terrorism. They both must communicate with each other first, start negotiating and talking on other little issues as water, Kartarpur, transportation than start cooperating with each other on different areas as social security, environmental issues and must find out mutual and shared goals to achieve so that a working relationship could be built. This will help minimize the chances of conflict between parties and pave the way to explore new things to reach a consensus on bilateral matters.