As the United States electoral race comes to an end, the world holds its breath and focuses its attention on the 46th American president. The new Joe Biden administration not only inherits a pandemic ridden battered economy but also a repugnant foreign policy with the world’s second-largest economy. The multi-year assault that was launched under the Trump administration on Beijing completely changed the dynamics of bilateral relations between the United States and China. Now all eyes are on Biden contemplating the nature of the foreign policy that will take shape during his tenure.
The latest military agreements between India and the USA are being seen as a possible threat to the Chinese hegemony in the Indo-Pacific region. China is already losing support and cooperation from the countries which are in conflict with China over the South China Sea. Pompeo’s visit has given an even graver threat to China that China has a long way to go before it can dominate the regional politics.
Analysts doubt that China can be a strategic challenge for multinational cooperation in the region. But the question is that is QUAD really the best platform for handling the growing Chinese capacity. Two members of the QUAD are too unreliable to serve this purpose, which are Australia and Japan. This leaves QUAD with two certain members India and America; whose growing strategic partnership is a threat to China anyways. There is no need for a QUAD for this purpose.
Unlike his predecessors, Trump, with his hyper-nationalistic agenda, has continued to withdraw from international conflicts where the US was previously a key member. Donald Trump’s term brought to implementation a series of questionable internal and foreign policies. The questions remain are; has the United States permanently withdrawn from the international forum and the mess it created in the world? Will Trump’s re-election mean another term of continued US absence from global conflicts, and will the successor in the White House finally act in a way more befitting of a global leader?
According to Regional Security Complex Theory, securitization is more intense between the countries inside of the regional security complex, patterned to the security interdependence of the region, a security cluster. Great outside power can penetrate it. RSCT leads to positive security interdependence by making shared security community or negative, including securitization, which leads to conflict formation. The defense pacts and agreements will undoubtedly lead to negative security interdependence by considering the region’s states’ dynamics.
Situated at the heart of the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka is grappling with the world’s two superpowers: China and the US. The keen interest of the two countries has been a source of competition between them and a source of worry for Sri Lanka, which is struggling with its own economic woes. Sri Lanka was able to navigate the Cold War by taking a stance of neutrality and non-alignment. When a second economic Cold War is building up globally, it is attractive and convenient to adopt similar policies. However, this recent rivalry may be novel in nature, and Sri Lanka’s continued economic woes, mean that the country will be forced to choose between the two, the US or China.
Despite the US claim that the sanctions would hold exemption for humanitarian aid in order to fight the pandemic, the reality remains that the coronavirus pandemic situation wouldn’t be this dire if it weren’t for the US sanctions that have severely impacted the country’s ability to cope with the surge in cases making it one of the worst affected country in the region. This toppled by the decreasing GDP and the falling Iranian rial casts a gloomy shadow on what was once a bright future.