Myanmar amidst decades-long ethnic crises and military rule is going to witness the next election of schedule on 8 November 2020. Historically, it will be the second election after the historic victory of democracy over the 50 years of military rule. It seems that instead of making this election inclusive for all ethnicities, the International community is supporting the Myanmar government in its hostile steps. The current bleak picture of Myanmar’s ethnic crises and the crucial role of the West in the recent election has shocked the world. It is a need of an hour for the West and international institutions to support Rohingya to get their electoral rights to mitigate the ethnic crises through free and fair elections.
18th Amendment, with all its fruitful implications, has also inserted an article 19A, which is “Right to information” that ensures access of common people to any information in any public offices, thus strengthening democracy. Pakistan is the federation, and the 18th Amendment balances the center and its federating units. This Amendment is a hope and fate changer for millions of people of small and under-privileged provinces.
Under the guiding vision of 2030, KSA is radically changing in so many ways in a small matter of time that it confounds its advocates and detractors alike. This transformation from a socially conservative society to a modernizing one does have its own set of consequences. MBS leadership will matter significantly in how the Kingdom travel delicate balances among different actors in society without enraging anyone to the point of mass protest or group violence.
The question of provincializing Gilgit-Baltistan has haunted Pakistan time and again since the former’s unconditional accession in 1948. PTI government is grappling with similar challenges but came up with a resolute intention to make the territory – the fifth province of Pakistan, unlike her predecessor regimes. India has warned Islamabad of possible violations of her international commitments and deliberate alienation of Wilsonian right of self-determination for the long-troubled Kashmiris. Yet, it doesn’t appear to be affecting the government’s policy in any visible manner.
The Parivar proclaims an ideology of “Hindutva”, aimed at ensuring Hinduism’s predominance in Indian society, politics, and culture, which it promotes through tactics that include violence and terror. The Sang Parivar got representation in the political domain through the Bharatiya Janata Party. The Bajrang Dal and the Vishnu Hindu Parishad (VHP-World Hindu Council) are the Sangh Parivar’s major organizations. The VHP served as the bridge between RSS and sympathetic religious leaders formed in 1964 to unite different Hindu Groups.
Since becoming CM of UP, Yogi had been exasperated over the former’s former appeasement of religious and caste minorities. He had enacted numerous programs that collectively can be termed as programs of advocating vigilantism in the state. From his support to love jihad, erasure of Muslim history in UP, and his support to the lynching of the people in the name of preservation of Cows and general atmosphere of fear, Yogi is setting a stage toward eventual re-establishing of India as a Hindu Rashtra.
The Supreme Court decision is certainly setting up a norm for such protests when stating that any future protests will now be liable to the Court’s statement and must not take place indefinitely in areas not designated by the state. For the religious minorities set to suffer under the Citizen’s Amendment Act, this sets a devastating precedent. Not only is their citizenship status in jeopardy but also their right to peacefully gather and protest the laws which threaten their continued presence in the country.
In late September, it has been reported that Amnesty International India (AI) is suspending its work in the country in the face of prevalent governmental in what they called “witch-hunting” to pressure AI into halting its work on highlighting gross human rights violations by the Indian state within India and in the internationally disputed territory of Kashmir.
The secular parties, along with Hindu nationalists, are equally culprit in the crime of demolishing the Babri Masjid and saving its culprits from punishment. The Babri Masjid has removed the veil from all the faces after the demolition and if one still does not see these faces in their original form, then surely nothing can be done except to cast doubt on their mental condition.
The success of CPEC lies in unity and clarity about the project. It is for this reason that the JCM is established. JCM brings clarity and transparency to CPEC but highlights loopholes in internal politics and Pakistan’s national unity. It is high time that Pakistan puts in the effort to get its house in order.