The imagery behind this is constructed through the mythology of two mothers whose fables came to be adopted and championed as the epitome of motherly sacrifice in Kashmir. The story of the mothers of Aka-nandun spins a folktale that idealizes the sacrifice and selflessness of women despite the torment she faces on losing her child. The other tale of Lalded is based on a woman who evoked mysticism in the land of clashing belief systems and spoke the language of the changing Kashmiri ethos. She didn’t give birth to a child, rather, became the symbol of motherhood, guiding the wayward souls by breaking free from the patriarchal bounds and donning the armor of maternal spirit to transform and challenge the notions of the faltering Kashmiri society.
The Indian former Intelligence Bureau Director A. S. Dulat warned, “The calm appears deceptive.” This seasonal expert was veracious in sensing the emerging trend of militancy in Kashmir followed the decrease in 2013. There was a turning situation where a unique form of militant insurgency emerged after the evocation of autonomy provisions by abrogating Article 370 and 35A. It seriously triggered the concern of India regarding the new form of militancy.
The concept of self-determination emerged from Rosseau and John Locke’s political theories, which ultimately led to the French & American Revolution, respectively. On these grounds, the UN formulated and recognized the efforts of indigenous movements in gaining independence from 1960 onwards. The Kashmiri people, therefore, are simply advocating a globally agreed-upon cause in the face of military tyranny and human rights violations posed by India in their territory.
The gendered lens is one that can be employed to understand the conflict in Kashmir and its relationship to national identities. The Indian nationalist imagination views the state as a patriarchal and masculine figure that must exert control over its feminine counterpart, Kashmir, in order to coerce it into submission. Similarly, feminists have understood violence to be perceived as masculine, whereas, peace is viewed as devalued and feminine leading to the use of gender relations as the basis of fueling violence. A key factor in the propagation of gender-based violence lies in the foundations of the nation-state building process.
India has very limited options. With this peace deal, it has become clear that the Taliban are bound to come into power sooner or later. So, India needs to prepare accordingly. In a recent visit to New Delhi, US Chief Negotiator Zalmay Khalilzad urged New Delhi to start a political dialogue with the Taliban and directly discuss their terrorism-related concerns. He said, “India is an important force in Afghanistan, and it would be appropriate for that [India-Taliban] engagement to take place.”
The results of the elections came out as expected, and subsequent hue and cry over it was also foreseen. But the important thing is to learn from the mistakes and general trends of the politics in Gilgit Baltistan. Political parties need to survive in Gilgit Baltistan to organize their party structures in the region and discourage the fashion of electables. Also, it is essential that the hopes and aspirations of the region must be fulfilled by rulers to remain relevant in the region.
The 47th session of the Council of Foreign Ministers of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
The 47th session of the Council of Foreign Ministers of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is set to end today. The summit was held under the theme “united against terrorism, for peace and development.” The OIC, the second largest intergovernmental organization in the world after the UN with 57 member states on four continents, recognized that terrorism remains a global phenomenon that no country can fight alone.
Although the Indian constitution guarantees that the disparate set of tribes, ethnicities, and religions are part of the whole Indian nationalism, Indian sovereignty is challenged since the post-colonial establishment of the nation-state by the restive population. To confront these disparate set of security challenges to its territorial integrity and security of the state, the Indian government enacted various legislations which are presumably per the letter and spirit of the Indian constitution and international human rights accord to which India is a signatory, but in practice are more in the spirit of a draconian legislative armour of the state to fight the separatists’ challenges with a hardened approach.
Recently, the president of Azad Kashmir, Sardar Masood Khan, proposed a BDS movement to counter the Indian State oppression, which has been in effect before at similar Israeli oppression of the Palestinians. Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions was a movement first established in 2005. It was initially based on the principle that the Israeli oppression of Palestinians is unacceptable and that the 57 members of OIC should abide by this movement. The idea behind is the international recognition of the oppression being caused by a state on any other nation or a group of people. In this case, the movement demands the Muslim majority states to boycott the oppressive Indian state and grant the Kashmiris equal rights as for the rest of humanity. The reoccurrence of the BDS movement in Kashmir is due to its similarity with the Palestinian state.
The rising cases (most of them go unreported) of suicide among the people between the ages of 14 – 35 is alarming. Reasons amongst the youth are the failure or not performing too well academically, unable to pursue further studies to improve career prospects due to financial instability, lack of support to discuss everyday stresses, etc. Depressive and suicidal thoughts are still considered a major taboo in our society, and people feel utterly reluctant to voice their anxieties and troubles. Families are still hesitant to speak and hide or twist factors about their beloved’s death because of the stigma it causes.