The deal has come as a surprise as well as a blow to the US and the advocates of transatlantic cooperation. It has baffled the US to see the EU sign an investment pact with China just weeks before Joe-Biden officially sworn in as the President of the US. This sudden step by the EU might result in a number of things. It can compel the new US President to rethink its relationship with the EU. The country will find it hard to trust the EU and its offers in the future. Many contend that, by signing the deal with China, the EU wanted to imply that it is independent of the US.
The trade and investment programs of these countries would encourage economic opportunities in the region vis-a-vis other countries like Afghanistan and Iran. These countries also condemned India for its illegal occupation of Jammu and Kashmir and also encouraged peace, security, and stable Afghanistan, which is always thanked by Pakistan. Because of the geostrategic location of Pakistan, these countries have been emerging to show interest in the investment in Pakistan, which would benefit not only Pakistan but also the region.
More peace treaties may be on their way unless Biden returns to former President Barack Obama’s path of lecturing the House of Saud, which is not very Biden. KSA can be pushed to share the Middle East on the other side of the Persian Gulf and don’t act like a spoiled brat. Once Palestinians have been restituted of the support of Arab shared aims, the Palestinians might be forced to return to the negotiating table like a sophisticated child. This was the very plan of Trump.
While Pakistan is improving its ties with Russia, India has come close to the US. India too would be well-advised to strengthen its bilateral relationship proactively to prevent any deterioration of links in the Indo-Pacific region, as well as to develop new partnerships. Economic integration measures and a successful global action plan will be a priority for Indian countries to mitigate Russia’s tendency towards Pakistan. Russia should also be able to take account of Indian concerns so that its long-term relationship with an emerging force is not damaged.
The turbulent emergence of Revolutionary Iran coincided with the conquest of Afghanistan by the Soviet Union some four decades ago. Iran is an ambitious regional player with a strong view of its complex world and a deliberate attempt to map a path through it. The rotten relationships of both countries are because of the fluctuating pattern of its interactions with the relevant stakeholders.
Trump had made four promises in the election campaigns regarding the Middle East in 2016. These promises were to shift the Israel embassy to Jerusalem, scrap the deal with Iran, dismantle ISIS, and to make peace in the Middle East. He has a lot of successes and some unsuccessful efforts in the Middle East.
United States secret service officials have said that Russia is providing the money and bounties to the Taliban for targeting the US-led forces, which is brokered by local Afghan businessmen who resides in Kunduz, the northern part of Afghanistan. The intelligence officials have reported several Taliban Commanders and local businessmen and politicians as well, travelling back and forth to Tajikistan, the Russian intelligence stronghold. Most of the Afghan politicians have their homes and contacts in Moscow. Furthermore, Russia has Soviet-trained military generals in Afghanistan who host their missions and provide accommodation and also provide intelligence services. Russia wants to see a friendly government in Afghanistan, which would help advance its interests in the region.
In his election campaign, Biden declared that they would renew the deal with more compliances and counterbalances. The administration of Biden will not have much time to make initial progress. For Biden, it’s not just a matter of resuming the nuclear deal. Trump dramatically increased sanctions, Iran engaged in several violations of the nuclear agreement that expanded its production of an arsenal of uranium enrichment, the material used by both peaceful nuclear energy and the world’s deadliest weapon.
India has very limited options. With this peace deal, it has become clear that the Taliban are bound to come into power sooner or later. So, India needs to prepare accordingly. In a recent visit to New Delhi, US Chief Negotiator Zalmay Khalilzad urged New Delhi to start a political dialogue with the Taliban and directly discuss their terrorism-related concerns. He said, “India is an important force in Afghanistan, and it would be appropriate for that [India-Taliban] engagement to take place.”
It has now become almost obvious that Pakistan and Bangladesh are in the same camp, with China leading from the front. This moment can be an opportunity for both countries to come closer to each other. Still, for that to happen, the two South Asian nations must be honest with each other so that they can capitalize on this moment to forge a lasting relationship.