While AIMIM still has a long way to go in establishing itself as a national political party representative of Indian Muslims, as well as all Indians, and becoming a bearer of Indian secularist principles, the progressive outreach of AIMIM to other Indian states is indicative of its ambitions to play a larger role in Indian national politics. The more the political fray move towards the right with BJP and INC both canvassing for more votes by appealing to hard and soft Hindutva concerns, the likelihood of an emergence of an all-India pan-Muslim political party, advocating the preservation of secular India, cannot be ruled.
In Assam, if the BJP wins again, it will mean that Narendra Modi and Amit Shah’s gambling of pushing through the Citizenship Act did not hurt them in a single state where they would otherwise have spelt the doom. This would also mean that the Modi-Shah duo mastered the art of not only acquiring new territories but also governing them in all aspects, setting their own stamp and gaining absolute power. Apart from the Citizenship Act, the BJP-led government’s political and administrative acts, such as the successful revocation of Article 370, the passage of triple talaq and farm sector legislation can contribute to the defeat of BJP and its allies in Assam.
The imagery behind this is constructed through the mythology of two mothers whose fables came to be adopted and championed as the epitome of motherly sacrifice in Kashmir. The story of the mothers of Aka-nandun spins a folktale that idealizes the sacrifice and selflessness of women despite the torment she faces on losing her child. The other tale of Lalded is based on a woman who evoked mysticism in the land of clashing belief systems and spoke the language of the changing Kashmiri ethos. She didn’t give birth to a child, rather, became the symbol of motherhood, guiding the wayward souls by breaking free from the patriarchal bounds and donning the armor of maternal spirit to transform and challenge the notions of the faltering Kashmiri society.
The Indian former Intelligence Bureau Director A. S. Dulat warned, “The calm appears deceptive.” This seasonal expert was veracious in sensing the emerging trend of militancy in Kashmir followed the decrease in 2013. There was a turning situation where a unique form of militant insurgency emerged after the evocation of autonomy provisions by abrogating Article 370 and 35A. It seriously triggered the concern of India regarding the new form of militancy.
The concept of self-determination emerged from Rosseau and John Locke’s political theories, which ultimately led to the French & American Revolution, respectively. On these grounds, the UN formulated and recognized the efforts of indigenous movements in gaining independence from 1960 onwards. The Kashmiri people, therefore, are simply advocating a globally agreed-upon cause in the face of military tyranny and human rights violations posed by India in their territory.
The gendered lens is one that can be employed to understand the conflict in Kashmir and its relationship to national identities. The Indian nationalist imagination views the state as a patriarchal and masculine figure that must exert control over its feminine counterpart, Kashmir, in order to coerce it into submission. Similarly, feminists have understood violence to be perceived as masculine, whereas, peace is viewed as devalued and feminine leading to the use of gender relations as the basis of fueling violence. A key factor in the propagation of gender-based violence lies in the foundations of the nation-state building process.
Since World War II, democratic governance has flourished and expanded its reach all around the globe. Now, this process has stalled. This democratization is reversing not only in the third world countries but in many countries of the West, I-e, the first world countries as well. The liberal idea of democracy has become obsolete and dying its own death. It is now in conflict with the interests of the irresistible majority of the masses I-e Right-Wing Populism (RWP).
India has very limited options. With this peace deal, it has become clear that the Taliban are bound to come into power sooner or later. So, India needs to prepare accordingly. In a recent visit to New Delhi, US Chief Negotiator Zalmay Khalilzad urged New Delhi to start a political dialogue with the Taliban and directly discuss their terrorism-related concerns. He said, “India is an important force in Afghanistan, and it would be appropriate for that [India-Taliban] engagement to take place.”
The election of President-elect Joe Biden and his Vice-President Kamala Harris is most likely to end this vacuum of American policy for the region and engage with the region with strategic insight and assertiveness. Joe Biden was awarded Hilal-e-Pakistan, the second-highest civil-award of the country, and Kamal Harris has ancestral roots in India. The personalized nature of their relationships to both of these countries will indeed influence the interaction once the Biden administration leads the White House. However, in the spirit of previous American interactions with the region, the Biden administration’s interaction with South Asia will be clouded by two mega strategic matters: The rise of China and the Conflict in Afghanistan.
Tens of thousands of farmers have swarmed India’s capital where they intend to camp out for weeks to protest new agricultural laws that they say could destroy their livelihoods.