Today, the world has entered an era of multipolarization or in other words, international relations have become very complex in recent years. onomic levels and the growing propensity for each state to pursue its own national interests. The recent conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia is a classic example to explain the convoluted nature of International Relations.
Turkey’s assertive foreign policy towards the former sphere of influence has changed the balance of power in the region. Erdogan, reclaiming the country’s past glory and reviving his kind of Ottoman Empire, stated that their republic is a continuation of the Ottoman Empire.
Two ex-Soviet republics in the Caucasus region seem to have found themselves amidst fighting once again, namely Armenia and Azerbaijan. The age-old conflict is centered around the Nagorno-Karabakh region. The Nagorno-Karabakh region is mountainous but strategically vital due to its location between the two countries.
What many people remember on the mention of Pakistan-Russia relations is the 1979 war in Afghanistan in which the two