While the Trump administration adopted an indifferent and transactional approach to American foreign policy, Biden is more interested in resurrecting the internationalist approach to re-induct America in the world’s most important institutions and relationships and signal that America is ready to take the helm of world leadership.
The rivalry between the world powers China and the US is no longer restricted to the Pacific. The recent alliances and moves by both nations have shifted their directions towards the Indian Ocean. With India taking a front seat in the battleship holstered by the US, the maritime security of the region is distributed among competing contenders. With India all set to launch its hegemony over the Indian Ocean to counter the growing military and economic powers of China, Pakistan’s role becomes all the more essential to bring peace and stability in the maritime region. The Aman exercise provides Pakistan with the opportunity to establish itself as the guardian of peaceful coexistence in the region.
While Pakistan is improving its ties with Russia, India has come close to the US. India too would be well-advised to strengthen its bilateral relationship proactively to prevent any deterioration of links in the Indo-Pacific region, as well as to develop new partnerships. Economic integration measures and a successful global action plan will be a priority for Indian countries to mitigate Russia’s tendency towards Pakistan. Russia should also be able to take account of Indian concerns so that its long-term relationship with an emerging force is not damaged.
United States secret service officials have said that Russia is providing the money and bounties to the Taliban for targeting the US-led forces, which is brokered by local Afghan businessmen who resides in Kunduz, the northern part of Afghanistan. The intelligence officials have reported several Taliban Commanders and local businessmen and politicians as well, travelling back and forth to Tajikistan, the Russian intelligence stronghold. Most of the Afghan politicians have their homes and contacts in Moscow. Furthermore, Russia has Soviet-trained military generals in Afghanistan who host their missions and provide accommodation and also provide intelligence services. Russia wants to see a friendly government in Afghanistan, which would help advance its interests in the region.