The oceans cover more than 70% of the surface of our earth which -in return- indicates that it also plays a part in regulating our Earth’s climate. Likewise, oceans serve as a channel for approximately 80% of the world’s global trade. According to the director of UNCTAD’s Division on International Trade on Goods and Services and Commodities, ‘The total ocean’s economy per year is estimated to be approximately US$3-6 trillion and over 350 a million jobs are connected to ocean economy’. This stat proposes that more than half of the world’s population’s income comes from the ocean economy.
The rivalry between the world powers China and the US is no longer restricted to the Pacific. The recent alliances and moves by both nations have shifted their directions towards the Indian Ocean. With India taking a front seat in the battleship holstered by the US, the maritime security of the region is distributed among competing contenders. With India all set to launch its hegemony over the Indian Ocean to counter the growing military and economic powers of China, Pakistan’s role becomes all the more essential to bring peace and stability in the maritime region. The Aman exercise provides Pakistan with the opportunity to establish itself as the guardian of peaceful coexistence in the region.
This article aims to review the security challenges faced by maritime industry involving risks emanating through marine environment, threats to sustainable maritime economics, mutual international efforts to preserve stability, security in maritime areas of interest to maintain the flow of commodities throughout the World and conventional maritime security risks as well as the potential economic benefits of the Arctic Region occurring from increasingly diminishing of the sea ice. Considering recent developments in the Arctic and the new security concerns, emerging security strategies in the Arctic Region with a view to its effects on Maritime Economics is emphasized.
Even though the boycott, divest and sanction movement clearly states that “the BDS does not tolerate any act or discourse which adopts or promotes anti-black racism, anti-Arab racism, Islamophobia, anti-Semitism, sexism, xenophobia” (Palestinian BDS national committee 2017), the attitude of Germans still has been hostile towards the supporters of any movement against Israel.
While AIMIM still has a long way to go in establishing itself as a national political party representative of Indian Muslims, as well as all Indians, and becoming a bearer of Indian secularist principles, the progressive outreach of AIMIM to other Indian states is indicative of its ambitions to play a larger role in Indian national politics. The more the political fray move towards the right with BJP and INC both canvassing for more votes by appealing to hard and soft Hindutva concerns, the likelihood of an emergence of an all-India pan-Muslim political party, advocating the preservation of secular India, cannot be ruled.
In Assam, if the BJP wins again, it will mean that Narendra Modi and Amit Shah’s gambling of pushing through the Citizenship Act did not hurt them in a single state where they would otherwise have spelt the doom. This would also mean that the Modi-Shah duo mastered the art of not only acquiring new territories but also governing them in all aspects, setting their own stamp and gaining absolute power. Apart from the Citizenship Act, the BJP-led government’s political and administrative acts, such as the successful revocation of Article 370, the passage of triple talaq and farm sector legislation can contribute to the defeat of BJP and its allies in Assam.
The US is an old vote-based system; it is a rich, popular government. This should make it stable. Furthermore, the way we see the disintegration of the majority rules system in the US ought to be a notice sign to different nations. Western nations and the US can survive this breach of democracy, but the third world countries are not strong enough to survive this type of violation. The US survived the civil war breach of the Oval Office and will survive this as well. Hungary survived and German as well. But is the western model of democracy strong enough to survive in developing countries? The answer to this question is negative.
People are starting to realize that liberal democracy is no longer delivering on its core promises. It is just filled with hollow promises; many Americans feel as if the government has become unresponsive to their needs. The privileged access of the rich allows them to get richer; using their connections to promote their own interests while the poor keep getting poorer because of political and selfish interests being put above their needs.
Since World War II, democratic governance has flourished and expanded its reach all around the globe. Now, this process has stalled. This democratization is reversing not only in the third world countries but in many countries of the West, I-e, the first world countries as well. The liberal idea of democracy has become obsolete and dying its own death. It is now in conflict with the interests of the irresistible majority of the masses I-e Right-Wing Populism (RWP).
As Jacinda’s successful pandemic-containment has overpowered her incompetence in fulfilling campaign issues, New Zealanders rewarded her with a second term. But her next term will only get harder. Now Jacinda and her previously promised issues have to also deal with issues like unemployment, historic recession, and poverty that arose due to pandemic.