While the Trump administration adopted an indifferent and transactional approach to American foreign policy, Biden is more interested in resurrecting the internationalist approach to re-induct America in the world’s most important institutions and relationships and signal that America is ready to take the helm of world leadership.
The rivalry between the world powers China and the US is no longer restricted to the Pacific. The recent alliances and moves by both nations have shifted their directions towards the Indian Ocean. With India taking a front seat in the battleship holstered by the US, the maritime security of the region is distributed among competing contenders. With India all set to launch its hegemony over the Indian Ocean to counter the growing military and economic powers of China, Pakistan’s role becomes all the more essential to bring peace and stability in the maritime region. The Aman exercise provides Pakistan with the opportunity to establish itself as the guardian of peaceful coexistence in the region.
This article aims to review the security challenges faced by maritime industry involving risks emanating through marine environment, threats to sustainable maritime economics, mutual international efforts to preserve stability, security in maritime areas of interest to maintain the flow of commodities throughout the World and conventional maritime security risks as well as the potential economic benefits of the Arctic Region occurring from increasingly diminishing of the sea ice. Considering recent developments in the Arctic and the new security concerns, emerging security strategies in the Arctic Region with a view to its effects on Maritime Economics is emphasized.
Apart from economic linkages, Gwadar port also provides a military base to China by opening up the passageway to the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. The military groundworks in favor of both China and Pakistan as not only will China be able to create a regional control over other Asian maritime facilities, but Pakistan, with the help of China’s advanced oceanic surveillance, will be equipped with the monitoring capabilities to detect and counter any threat coming from Its regional rival India. Moreover, it is also essential for China to expand its political strength in the form of naval and military power to compete with the already developed control of the US over the Strait of Malacca that extends along the coast of Malaysia and Indonesia.
The evolving nature of Pakistan China Maritime security collaboration is mutually beneficial across multiple dimensions. It provides a joint front of peace and security in terms of regional stability as well as a channel for economic prosperity for all the stakeholders involved. Certain factors are necessary to ensure the vitality of this cooperative initiative.
A Taliban delegation headed by Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, the Head of the Taliban Political Office, visited Tehran on 26
The deal has come as a surprise as well as a blow to the US and the advocates of transatlantic cooperation. It has baffled the US to see the EU sign an investment pact with China just weeks before Joe-Biden officially sworn in as the President of the US. This sudden step by the EU might result in a number of things. It can compel the new US President to rethink its relationship with the EU. The country will find it hard to trust the EU and its offers in the future. Many contend that, by signing the deal with China, the EU wanted to imply that it is independent of the US.
The trade and investment programs of these countries would encourage economic opportunities in the region vis-a-vis other countries like Afghanistan and Iran. These countries also condemned India for its illegal occupation of Jammu and Kashmir and also encouraged peace, security, and stable Afghanistan, which is always thanked by Pakistan. Because of the geostrategic location of Pakistan, these countries have been emerging to show interest in the investment in Pakistan, which would benefit not only Pakistan but also the region.
More peace treaties may be on their way unless Biden returns to former President Barack Obama’s path of lecturing the House of Saud, which is not very Biden. KSA can be pushed to share the Middle East on the other side of the Persian Gulf and don’t act like a spoiled brat. Once Palestinians have been restituted of the support of Arab shared aims, the Palestinians might be forced to return to the negotiating table like a sophisticated child. This was the very plan of Trump.
While Pakistan is improving its ties with Russia, India has come close to the US. India too would be well-advised to strengthen its bilateral relationship proactively to prevent any deterioration of links in the Indo-Pacific region, as well as to develop new partnerships. Economic integration measures and a successful global action plan will be a priority for Indian countries to mitigate Russia’s tendency towards Pakistan. Russia should also be able to take account of Indian concerns so that its long-term relationship with an emerging force is not damaged.