According to Regional Security Complex Theory, securitization is more intense between the countries inside of the regional security complex, patterned to the security interdependence of the region, a security cluster. Great outside power can penetrate it. RSCT leads to positive security interdependence by making shared security community or negative, including securitization, which leads to conflict formation. The defense pacts and agreements will undoubtedly lead to negative security interdependence by considering the region’s states’ dynamics.
The Indian attack on Jammu and Kashmir on Wednesday, October 27, 1947, was the most horrific event in the history of Indian colonialism, which has left the region in a state of perpetual instability and violence. On this day in 1947, the leaders of so-called secular India rushed their troops to Srinagar at night, trampling under their hats the fundamental political and democratic rights of the Kashmiri people for which the Indigenous people themselves fought together, over the years, against the British rule.
India has been working hard to blacklist Pakistan in Financial Action Task Force, an international watchdog working against international money laundering and terror financing lately. However, turning a blind eye entirely in the involvement of 44 Indian banks and financial institutions in the terror financing activities and money laundering revealed by the Buzzfeed news report. Due to the cordiality of relations with the US, it was also ignored by the international community, being used as a balancer against China in the region. Indian officials have repeatedly accepted the fact that they finance terrorism to counter (alleged) terrorism.
The Parivar proclaims an ideology of “Hindutva”, aimed at ensuring Hinduism’s predominance in Indian society, politics, and culture, which it promotes through tactics that include violence and terror. The Sang Parivar got representation in the political domain through the Bharatiya Janata Party. The Bajrang Dal and the Vishnu Hindu Parishad (VHP-World Hindu Council) are the Sangh Parivar’s major organizations. The VHP served as the bridge between RSS and sympathetic religious leaders formed in 1964 to unite different Hindu Groups.
Since becoming CM of UP, Yogi had been exasperated over the former’s former appeasement of religious and caste minorities. He had enacted numerous programs that collectively can be termed as programs of advocating vigilantism in the state. From his support to love jihad, erasure of Muslim history in UP, and his support to the lynching of the people in the name of preservation of Cows and general atmosphere of fear, Yogi is setting a stage toward eventual re-establishing of India as a Hindu Rashtra.
Sharing one of the world’s longest land borders; with such close, historical and physical proximity, Bangladesh and India have long-established well-developed relationships that are now being tested. This shift in the relations comes alongside China’s successful economic diplomacy in gathering allies in South Asia, with Beijing and Dhaka currently developing strong bilateral ties.
New Delhi is no more hesitant to form a relationship with the Taliban, though they had been declaring them as a proxy of the establishment of Pakistan’s military. The manifestation of this relationship is contingent to multiple geographical factors, such as US elections, Pakistan – Taliban relations, Taliban’s relations with Al Qaeda and China’s elevating interest in Afghanistan.
The Supreme Court decision is certainly setting up a norm for such protests when stating that any future protests will now be liable to the Court’s statement and must not take place indefinitely in areas not designated by the state. For the religious minorities set to suffer under the Citizen’s Amendment Act, this sets a devastating precedent. Not only is their citizenship status in jeopardy but also their right to peacefully gather and protest the laws which threaten their continued presence in the country.
In late September, it has been reported that Amnesty International India (AI) is suspending its work in the country in the face of prevalent governmental in what they called “witch-hunting” to pressure AI into halting its work on highlighting gross human rights violations by the Indian state within India and in the internationally disputed territory of Kashmir.
The secular parties, along with Hindu nationalists, are equally culprit in the crime of demolishing the Babri Masjid and saving its culprits from punishment. The Babri Masjid has removed the veil from all the faces after the demolition and if one still does not see these faces in their original form, then surely nothing can be done except to cast doubt on their mental condition.