The trade and investment programs of these countries would encourage economic opportunities in the region vis-a-vis other countries like Afghanistan and Iran. These countries also condemned India for its illegal occupation of Jammu and Kashmir and also encouraged peace, security, and stable Afghanistan, which is always thanked by Pakistan. Because of the geostrategic location of Pakistan, these countries have been emerging to show interest in the investment in Pakistan, which would benefit not only Pakistan but also the region.
The turbulent emergence of Revolutionary Iran coincided with the conquest of Afghanistan by the Soviet Union some four decades ago. Iran is an ambitious regional player with a strong view of its complex world and a deliberate attempt to map a path through it. The rotten relationships of both countries are because of the fluctuating pattern of its interactions with the relevant stakeholders.
United States secret service officials have said that Russia is providing the money and bounties to the Taliban for targeting the US-led forces, which is brokered by local Afghan businessmen who resides in Kunduz, the northern part of Afghanistan. The intelligence officials have reported several Taliban Commanders and local businessmen and politicians as well, travelling back and forth to Tajikistan, the Russian intelligence stronghold. Most of the Afghan politicians have their homes and contacts in Moscow. Furthermore, Russia has Soviet-trained military generals in Afghanistan who host their missions and provide accommodation and also provide intelligence services. Russia wants to see a friendly government in Afghanistan, which would help advance its interests in the region.
World history is full of precedents where armed conflict between the two countries has spiraled into multiparty conflict; this is how the two great wars were born. It is the fear under which the world breathes. Today once again, the world finds itself amidst a conflict. Conflict in the Caucasus between two former Soviet Republics of Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Nagorno-Karabakh region is making headlines. The extension of war to Turkey and Russia also depends on how Armenia and Azerbaijan fare in the battleground in the next few days.
Today, the world has entered an era of multipolarization or in other words, international relations have become very complex in recent years. onomic levels and the growing propensity for each state to pursue its own national interests. The recent conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia is a classic example to explain the convoluted nature of International Relations.
Turkey’s assertive foreign policy towards the former sphere of influence has changed the balance of power in the region. Erdogan, reclaiming the country’s past glory and reviving his kind of Ottoman Empire, stated that their republic is a continuation of the Ottoman Empire.
Two ex-Soviet republics in the Caucasus region seem to have found themselves amidst fighting once again, namely Armenia and Azerbaijan. The age-old conflict is centered around the Nagorno-Karabakh region. The Nagorno-Karabakh region is mountainous but strategically vital due to its location between the two countries.