While the Trump administration adopted an indifferent and transactional approach to American foreign policy, Biden is more interested in resurrecting the internationalist approach to re-induct America in the world’s most important institutions and relationships and signal that America is ready to take the helm of world leadership.
Malaysia is located between the Pacific Ocean and the South China Sea on one side, and the Indian Ocean and the Malacca Straits on the other, making it a country located in the middle of Southeast Asia. Its geographical feature positions Malaysia as a continental-rooted maritime nation, the linchpin bridge between the two ocean regions (“Defence White Paper”). This undoubtedly indicates that Malaysia priority will be placed upon matters pertaining maritime domain and maritime security.
The oceans cover more than 70% of the surface of our earth which -in return- indicates that it also plays a part in regulating our Earth’s climate. Likewise, oceans serve as a channel for approximately 80% of the world’s global trade. According to the director of UNCTAD’s Division on International Trade on Goods and Services and Commodities, ‘The total ocean’s economy per year is estimated to be approximately US$3-6 trillion and over 350 a million jobs are connected to ocean economy’. This stat proposes that more than half of the world’s population’s income comes from the ocean economy.
Taking the example of a few, Zee News is owned by Subhash Chandra, who is a BJP MP, Network 18 is owned by Mukesh Ambani, a business tycoon who benefitted the most under Modi’s government, India TV is owned by Rajat Sharma, a former general secretary of ABVP and Republic TV was co-founded by Rajeev Chandrasekhar who is BJP MP.
Declaring coral reefs as ‘Marine Protected Areas’ is just the initial step. We must educate the local community about the coral reefs, how to preserve them, and how to practice safe fishing techniques without disrupting the local ecosystem. Also, we must give awareness to the general public about the importance of these reefs. Avoid littering the beaches when we go out should the number one priority. Preserving water, planting trees and recycling are among the few steps we can take as an individual to help save these reefs.
A key pillar of US diplomacy in Asia is the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Under the Trump administration, this alliance was largely neglected; in fact, a formal US ambassador to ASEAN was never confirmed. However, re-establishing strong links with ASEAN countries will be crucial for the continued presence of the US in Asia; this includes ties with Japan.
The rivalry between the world powers China and the US is no longer restricted to the Pacific. The recent alliances and moves by both nations have shifted their directions towards the Indian Ocean. With India taking a front seat in the battleship holstered by the US, the maritime security of the region is distributed among competing contenders. With India all set to launch its hegemony over the Indian Ocean to counter the growing military and economic powers of China, Pakistan’s role becomes all the more essential to bring peace and stability in the maritime region. The Aman exercise provides Pakistan with the opportunity to establish itself as the guardian of peaceful coexistence in the region.