The emerging dynamics of Regional Corporation has placed Pakistan in a prime position to become a key player in safeguarding the maritime security of the region. The multinational maritime exercise Aman-2021 is a collaborative initiative conducted by the Pakistani Navy to host navies of different countries in order to maintain peace and stability in the maritime region.
Pakistan has played a responsible role in sustaining regional harmony. The launch of the Aman exercise in 2007 was an indication of the powerful reinforcement of Pakistan’s peacekeeping commitment. As the name entails Aman, “Peace,” the purpose of the exercise is to uphold the banner of corporations between various nations to curtail illegal activities in the maritime domain. Strategically the Arabian Sea lies at a focal point of interlinking global trade routes, which makes its security an essential priority for all the countries involved. The Aman exercise provides the platform for the development of strategies and rules that regulate all maritime operations in the oceanic region. This also presents an opportunity to showcase a joint front against combating piracy that leads to external digital security threats that disrupt the undersea communication channels by exhibiting the tactics and measures necessary to protect deep-sea channels.
Over the period of time, the number of countries participating in the Aman exercises has been growing, which is an indication of the increasing trust in the Pakistan Navy and its status as a mediator of peace in the international community. The series of exercises involves seminars, rescue missions of both air and surface flying operations, weapon drills, and various other maritime-related activities. The common objective that is bringing together diverse nations together is necessary for the establishment of new international ties and the strengthening of the old ones; it demonstrates the constructive role nations can play for a bigger outcome.
Commander of Pakistani Fleet, Rear Admiral Naveed Ashraf, in an official statement spoke, “Exercise AMAN is about bridging gaps and making it possible to operate together in the pursuance of common objectives,” “Pakistan considers that maritime security is not just important for itself but for all other countries whose prosperity and progress are strongly bonded with the seas.”
The integral aspect of this year’s naval exercise is the symbolic participation from Russia. Since 2011’s Bold Monarch exercise on the Spanish seas, it will be the first time that Russia will participate alongside other NATO states. This highlights the growing closeness between Moscow and Islamabad and goes a long way in re-establishing the frayed relations since the post-cold war era. The vital role that Pakistan is playing in the CPEC operations of China’s larger BRI project implementation was the foundational step that brought it at the front of the changing regional dynamics of Asia. Now Russia’s willingness to participate in the multinational platform commissioned by the Pakistan Navy is another bolstering step that solidifies Pakistan’s position as the prominent global player.
The question of Russia’s geopolitical can be observed under its shifting diplomatic, military strategies with India, which previously blew up after BJP’s anti-Russia rhetoric’s in a published article by a notable BJP official. Under these circumstances, Russia’s recent move to open up to Pakistan can be seen as a balancing maneuver in terms of its relationship with the regional rivals India and China. This provides Pakistan with geopolitical neutrality that India lacks right now. The coming together of Russia and its NATO rival navies under one multilateral mission places Pakistan at an esteemed position of global significance, this will not only be a milestone for the rehabilitation of Moscow-Islamabad bilateral relations, but it is also an indication of the changing multipolar alignment of global powers.
The rivalry between the world powers China and the US is no longer restricted to the Pacific. The recent alliances and moves by both nations have shifted their directions towards the Indian Ocean. With India taking a front seat in the battleship holstered by the US, the maritime security of the region is distributed among competing contenders. With India all set to launch its hegemony over the Indian Ocean to counter the growing military and economic powers of China, Pakistan’s role becomes all the more essential to bring peace and stability in the maritime region. The Aman exercise provides Pakistan with the opportunity to establish itself as the guardian of peaceful coexistence in the region.