The relations between the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Russia had always been frosty and tepid ever since Pakistan becomes an ally of the western block, post-partition. The two countries had been restored even after the collapse of the USSR. Even today, they have not achieved their full potential, primarily because Russia (USSR) had historically supplied arms and was strategically and cost-effectively allied with Pakistan’s rival; India. Pakistan also never aligned with Russians during the cold wars between Russia and America.
But views are changing as the transfer between Pakistan and the Russian Federation is increasingly being witnessed – and in this sense, it slowly shifts away from the United States. One interesting observation is that, under pressure from the upcoming concern for global terrorism, in particular Afghanistan, both Russia and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan tend to be under pressure. India and the other countries in the area will be forced to provide the Pakistan Government with all the requisite support, hold the terrorists from Afghanistan-Pakistan in the confines of those pockets, and prevent them from turning Pakistan into a springboard for the activities of Pakistan throughout Asia. And even now, Russia and Pakistan are realistic without waiting for the US troops to withdraw from Afghanistan or increase the terrorist threat. Russia and Pakistan are practising joint counterterrorism activities, holds tremendous importance for the entire region, including India – and New Delhi should understand this. But, in recent years, Washington has begun to focus away from Afghanistan’s interests; both countries are at the centre of the epidemic. With aversions of West interest in Afghanistan, Russia has also recently started its annual Joint Military Exercise DRUZHBA is known as “friendship,” which will gradually develop its scope of engagement with Pakistan. Both countries work hard to extend their economic relations. Amid extremely complicated ties between Pakistan and India, support for military and political collaboration between Pakistan and Russia led to resentment on the part of Russia’s main military ally in South Asia, India. It’s a perfect move for Pakistan.
In Pakistan, the army is not only the military but the government agency that unites the country – and it has a major effect on the Islamic Republic of Pakistan’s foreign and domestic policies. Usually, their military collaboration leads to a very high degree of political engagement. Russian Ambassador Danila Ganich discussed this at the beginning of the Friendship exercises 2020 and referred to the Pakistani military as a centre of Pakistan’s nationality and business. Gwadar Harbor is one of Russia’s various interests, among many advantages in warm water trade. Gawadar Harbour is “the deepest seaport worldwide, which makes shipping accessible without the need to build farfetched offshore docks. The AMAN-2021 in Russia-Pakistan next year would be a landmark. It would not be feasible without Moscow’s political maturity who not turned the page into its complicated past of Islamabad and agreed courageously for a new cooperation chapter to be drawn up together.
The two countries have taken up the challenges of revolution. The bilateral trade between Russia and Pakistan also got better since 2009. Moreover, Russia, which in terms of territory and population is a very large country, might become a major buyer of Pakistani goods and services, which would boost Pakistan’s payment balance status as well. The Intergovernmental Committee on Trade, Economic, Science and Technical Cooperation Russia-Pakistan was founded in 2010. In Zardari’s government in 2009, bilateral trade between Pak and Russia improved with $411, 4 million. The agreement signed in 2011 provides Russia with the support from Turkmenistan, Tajikistan Kyrgyzstan and Pakistan of the mega energy project CASA-1000. Russia has also funded the CASA-1000 power transmission project for $500 million. Russia has also allied with China for the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), politically, economically, and strategically. Their relationships may improve and be financially and financially beneficial for not just China but also Pakistan.
Furthermore, in its economic and military ties, India has now inclined towards the USA and dragging Pakistan towards its traditional ally China and now Russia. The partnership will also prove to be fruitful for Pakistan considering the recent CPEC project, and it helps in warming relations a bit with Russia. China, Russia and Pakistan are too predicted to be the next emerging powerful block for The West and India.
While Pakistan is improving its ties with Russia, India has come close to the US. India too would be well-advised to strengthen its bilateral relationship proactively to prevent any deterioration of links in the Indo-Pacific region, as well as to develop new partnerships. Economic integration measures and a successful global action plan will be a priority for Indian countries to mitigate Russia’s tendency towards Pakistan. Russia should also be able to take account of Indian concerns so that its long-term relationship with an emerging force is not damaged.